Iconic Photos

Famous, Infamous and Iconic Photos

Space Shuttle Program (1981 – 2011)

with 7 comments

After three decades, Atlantis which was launched on Saturday will be NASA’s last space shuttle mission. For the next eleven days, it will be orbiting the Earth, and for the next eleven days, the Iconic Photos will feature the most breathtaking images from the shuttle’s career.

Nixon and NASA administrator James Fletcher redefined the space program after the Apollo missions

First, a disclaimer: I am not a fan of the space program; my friends go so far as to say I have “deep-seated mistrust in science and scientific community”. Many articles and pundits this week noted — and will note — the space shuttle program’s extraordinary achievements. While I do not deny this, it is worth reflecting on its failed promises.

When first conceived in the 1970s, the shuttle was to launch once a week. However, since its first mission thirty years ago, only 135 flights were launched, a dismal average of one every three months. So much for a vehicle envisioned as an everyday freight truck.

But it is not very good at freighting either; initially, it was estimated that each kilogram sent into orbit will cost $1,400. Costs spiraled to $1.5 billion a mission, at the cost of $60,000 per kilogram. Although its big selling-point was reusability, extensive maintenance needed after each mission meant that it was never truly reused again.

Its supporters point out that actually less than 1% of the federal budget went to NASA. It is true but in three decades, at the cost of $192 billion, the shuttle program has cost American taxpayers more than the Manhattan Project, the Apollo Programme and the Panama Canal combined. Its safety record — 1.5 per 100 flights — is also not topnotch.

True, its achievements — like delivering the Hubble Telescope and countless other satellites — should not be ignored, but the space shuttle was costly, both in terms of money and human life. Other nations and robots will perform the shuttle’s duties, and American astronauts will hitch rides with Russian rockets. Those are cheaper, safer alternatives, even if they are less magnificent.

Written by Alex Selwyn-Holmes

July 11, 2011 at 7:15 am

7 Responses

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  1. “It is true but in three decades, at the cost of $192 billion, the shuttle program has cost American taxpayers more than the Manhattan Project, the Apollo Programme and the Panama Canal combined.”

    Wait.. Is this adjusted for inflation


    July 11, 2011 at 5:36 pm

  2. The shuttle was a good idea, but I always hated that we got rid of our greatest rocket, the Saturn V, instead of working them in tandem (shuttle for small loads and astronaut orbit, Saturn V for huge payloads) or even just continuing with the Saturn V.

    Walter Sobchak

    July 11, 2011 at 6:49 pm

  3. Stick to the photos please. This facile analysis is an embarrassing waste of time for all readers.


    July 12, 2011 at 3:08 am

  4. China will surpass the US in scientific R&D spending in the next 5-7 years, hopefully the Chinese will do what the Americans won’t.


    July 12, 2011 at 6:07 am

  5. […] but the shuttle didn’t appear to have any, for if it had, it would have broken many of them (see the first post). As much as I hate to type this, I must admit the failure of space shuttle is the failure of […]

  6. Us having to hitch a ride on russian shuttles should be degrading to all americans. Obviously the guy who wrote this has no idea what being an american mean.


    October 29, 2012 at 4:01 pm

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