Posts Tagged ‘David Seymour’
David Seymour, “Chim”, the Polish emigrant who defined an era of sympathetic humanity through his lens, was one of the founders of Magnum. An art lover, Seymour photographed famous personalities such as the art historian Bernard Berenson, musician Arturo Toscanini, and author Carlo Levi.
Arturo Toscanini was perhaps the greatest conductor of the twentieth century, and widely regarded as an authoritative interpreter of the works of Verdi, Beethoven, Brahms and Wagner. Toscanini revolutionized musical interpretation by frequently insisting that his orchestras play the music exactly as written. Although the great Italian composer generally refused all requests to be photographed, Countess Castelbarco, his daughter, requested that Chim photograph him, and Toscanini agreed. The above image captures the composer at his piano with the death masks of Beethoven, Wagner, and Verdi in a case behind him. Verdi was extremely dear to Toscanini because at Verdi’s funeral in 1901, Toscanini conducted a performance of “Va, pensiero” (The Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves from Nabacco), which ensured Verdi’s success when it was first performed (in “Nabucco”). In 1957, the piece was played as part of a memorial concert for Toscanini, who had just died.
It was originally been commissioned as a propaganda piece by the Spanish Republican government for the 1937 World’s Fair in Paris. Pablo Picasso turned the tragic bombing of Gernika, Basque Country, by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, into a nerve-wrecking elegy of individual suffering and an embodiment of peace. Fully of hidden images, allegorical figures and meaningful gravitas, Guernica depicted suffering people, animals, and buildings wrenched by violence and chaos. The original now resides at the Renia Sophia Museum*, while a more famous tapestry copy was donated to the United Nations by the Rockefellers. The tapestry is less monochromatic than the original, and uses several shades of brown. On February 5, 2003 a large blue curtain was placed to cover this work as the Bush Administration desired not to it in the background while the U.S. diplomats argued for war on Iraq.
At its unveiling at the Spanish Pavilion of the World’s Fair, David Seymour (Chim) was on hand to photograph the artist in front of his work as it received its first public showing (ab0ve). In this photo, Chim proved himself to be more far-sighted than his contemporaries–at Paris, Guernica was widely criticized. The German fair guide called it “a hodgepodge of body parts that any four-year old could have painted.” The Soviets, who favored realistic imagery, didn’t like it either. Leftists and communists, the very people who should have supported it, attacked the painting as not illustrating any political agenda, and that it expressed suffering rather than optimism. In Spain, it was declared to be “antisocial and entirely foreign to a healthy proletarian outlook.” Later, the painting toured the Scandinavian nations, UK and US, becoming famous and widely acclaimed in the process.
Below is the picture of Picasso painting his masterpiece by Picasso’s longtime muse and photographer Dora Maar, who made herself world famous with her photographs of the successive stages of the completion of Guernica in Picasso’s workshop at the rue des Grands Augustins.
* The first version of this post erroneously mentioned that Guernica was residing in the Prado. In fact, it is in the Renia Sophia, to which it was moved from the Prado in 1992.
At first glance, one would think this is a photo of a child randomly scribling with chalk. This memorable image of Terezka was taken in a Center for Disturbed Children. Terezka grew up in a concentration camp and was asked to draw a picture of her “home” in Poland on the blackboard. She drew these scrawls–a barbed wire surrounded concentration camp she grew up with.
In 1948, the UNICEF commissioned David Seymour for a project on childhood after the war that became a posthumous exhibition, CHIM’s Children, in 1957 at the Art Institute of Chicago. During three months in 1948, Chim photographed children in many countries, including Germany, Austria, Italy, Hungary, Greece, and his native Poland, where he took the picture of Terezka. David Seymour (also known as Chim) (1911-1956) was a founder of Magnum Photos (with Robert Capa and Henri Cartier-Bresson) in 1947 and one of the leading photojournalists of the 20th century. See his portfolio here and most of his photoessays are on his facebook fan page.